رابطه بین خودکارآمدی و رضایت از زندگی: نقش واسطه ای اختلال در تنظیم هیجان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

2 B.A. student in psychology, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

3 M.A. student in clinical psychology, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22038/jfmh.2022.20731

چکیده

مقدمه: امروزه رضایت از زندگی به یکی از ضروری ترین نیازهای زندگی انسان تبدیل شده است و کم بودن آن می تواند مشکلات متعددی را به دنبال داشته باشد. این مطالعه به بررسی رابطه بین خودکارآمدی و رضایت از زندگی و نقش میانجی اختلال تنظیم هیجانی پرداخت.
روش‌ کار: جامعه آماری این مطالعه توصیفی- همبستگی در سال 1400، بزرگسالان شهر مشهد بودند که از بین آنها 402 نفر (136 مرد و 266 زن) به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. شرکت کنندگان مقیاس خودکارآمدی عمومی (GSES)، مقیاس دشواری در تنظیم هیجان (DERS) و مقیاس رضایت از زندگی (SWLS) را تکمیل کردند. داده ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که بی‌نظمی هیجان نقش واسطه‌ای در رابطه بین خودکارآمدی و رضایت از زندگی دارد. این مدل همچنین دارای مسیرهای مستقیم واجد شرایطی از خودکارآمدی تا رضایت از زندگی (P< 0.01, β= 0.10)، بی نظمی هیجانی تا رضایت از زندگی (P< 0.01, β= -0.36)، خودکارآمدی تا بی نظمی هیجانی (P< 0.01, β = -0.40) از نظر آماری معنی دار بود. به طوری که خودکارآمدی و بی نظمی هیجانی می تواند رضایت از زندگی را پیش بینی کند. همچنین، اثرات غیرمستقیم مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و نشان داد که خودکارآمدی به طور مثبت رضایت از زندگی را از طریق بی نظمی هیجانی پیش بینی می کند (P< 0.01, β = 0.14).
نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد خودکارآمدی می‌تواند رضایت از زندگی را از طریق نقش میانجی اختلال تنظیم هیجانی پیش‌بینی کند. بنابراین می توان برنامه های آگاهی بخشی در مورد اهمیت خودکارآمدی و تنظیم هیجان را برای افزایش رضایت از زندگی در نظر گرفت.

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