نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Eqbal Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran
Associate professor, Department of Psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
M.Sc. in clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University , Branch of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of skills training based on improving quality of life on hostile documents and distress tolerance in obsessive-compulsive students.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this study included all students with obsessive-compulsive disorder who referred to the centers and specialized clinics of educational psychology services in May 2020 in Mashhad city, Iran. The statistical sample included 24 students selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (12 students). All students fulfilled Arendz et al. (2003) Hostile Document Questionnaire and the Simmons and Gahr (2005) Distress Tolerance Questionnaire, and Madsley obsessive-compulsive questuionnaire (1977). The quality-of-life skills-based skills training was conducted for the experimental group in 8 ninety-minute sessions. At the end, both groups fulfilled the questionnaires. The data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS software (version 22).
Results: The skills training based on improving quality of life can improve distress tolerance and decrease hostile documents in the experimental group significantly compared to the control group. The ETA coefficient for the variables of hostile documents and disturbance tolerance is 0.480 and 0.463, respectively, so the effectiveness of the treatment was high in both variables and was slightly higher in the index of hostile documents than the disturbance tolerance variable.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, treatment based on improving the quality of life is effective on hostile documents and distress tolerance in students with obsessive-compulsive disorder.