Language intervention based on cognitive metaphor and time perception in cochlear implanted children

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری


1 Ph.D. student of cognitive science of language, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies (ICSS), Tehran, Iran.

2 Emeritus professor of neurolinguistics and clinical linguistics, Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant professor of cognitive neuroscience, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies (ICSS), Tehran, Iran

4 Associate professor, Auditory Neuroscience and Audiology, ENT and Head and Neck Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran

5 Assistant professor of psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, College of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Time perception is a fundamental element of human life. Time can offer a possibility to perceive the world around us, and a sense of self is shaped upon this perception. Unfortunately, current evidence indicates that hearing-impaired children have experienced major difficulties in time perception after cochlear implant surgery because of their early auditory deprivation.
Materials and Methods: This research was conducted through a narrative review method. To achieve the principal goal, we first searched some of the most scientific databases and publishers including Elsevier, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Science direct. Then, out of 215 most relative articles, 52 articles were selected and examined the role of cognitive metaphors and time perception in language intervention of cochlear implanted children using some main keywords in this field.
Results: Examining the structure of conceptual metaphors and the importance of time in language perception among children with cochlear implants indicated that applying intervention protocols based on learning conceptual metaphors and advancing the perception of time in terms of these metaphors is one of the important issues that should be considered in future research.
Conclusion: Concerning new educational and therapeutic approaches in language interventions for cochlear implanted children, it is necessary to consider some major issues such as the relationship between conceptual metaphors and understanding of time and strengthen language skills by improving time perception when developing rehabilitative programs.


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