Investigating the activity of brain-behavioral systems and resilience through the mediating role of metacognitive beliefs in patients with tension headaches

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 Department of General Psychology, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University of Bojnourd, Bojnourd , Iran

2 Associate professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant professor of Psychology, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University of Bojnourd, Bojnourd , Iran


Introduction:  This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the activity of behavioral brain systems and resilience with emphasis on the mediating role of metacognitive beliefs.
Materials and Methods: The population of this correlational study consist the patients with tension-type headaches who referred to neurology clinics and clinical psychologists in Mashhad city during 2018-2019. Amongst them 300 cases were selected by convenient sampling method. Participants were assessed through research assessment tools including Jackson's Five-Factor Questionnaire, Metacognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30) and Connor and Davidson Resilience Questionnaire. The data analyzed by the descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation method, path analysis, AMOS and SPSS version 22.
Results: The findings showed that behavioral brain systems with all three subscales of behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation and FFFS have a direct effect on resilience. (P<0.05), and the two components of the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and Behavioral Inhibition (BIS) have no direct effect on metacognitive beliefs as a mediating variable, only the FFFS component has a direct negative effect on metacognitive beliefs (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, there is a positive and significant relationship between behavioral inhibition system and tension headache. Also, brain -behavioral system and resilience through mediating role of cognitive beliefs can impact on patients with tension headaches.


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