تبیین نقش اعتقادات معنوی در ارتقای سلامت روانی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان: یک مطالعه کیفی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری جراحی، مربی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکده علوم پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: این پژوهش با هدف تبیین نقش اعتقادات معنوی در ارتقای سلامت روانی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان و به روشی کیفی به منظور دست یابی به اطلاعاتی غنی تر در این زمینه انجام شد.
روش کار: با استفاده از روش مطالعه ی کیفی و به روش تحلیل محتوا، 10 نفر از بیماران مبتلا به سرطان بستری و یا سرپایی بخش انکولوژی بیمارستان شهید رحیمی شهر خرم آباد و 5 نفر از همراهان این بیماران به شیوه ی هدفمند و تا زمان رسیدن به اشباع داده ها انتخاب شده و مورد مصاحبه ی نیمه ساختار یافته قرار گرفتند. تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از رویکرد استقرایی انجام شده.
نتایج: تحلیل داده ها به ایجاد یک طبقه ی کلی با عنوان اعتقادات معنوی عامل فراز سلامت روانی و 2 زیرطبقه با عناوین اعمال مذهبی عامل ارتقای سلامت روان و اعتقادات معنوی و سازگاری با بیماری منجر گردید.
نتیجه گیری:نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که اعتقادات معنوی در ارتقای سلامت روانی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان و سازگاری هر چه بیشتر آن ها با بیماری خود، تأثیر بسزایی دارد. 

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