بررسی عملکرد در کودکان مبتلا به درد مزمن: بررسی اعتبار، پایایی و ساختار عاملی نسخه کودک و نسخه والد پرسش نامه ی ناتوانی عملکرد (FDI) در جمعیت کودکان مبتلا به درد مزمن و والدینشان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Ph.D in clinical psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph.D. in clinical psychology, Associate professor of clinical psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Ph.D. in clinical psychology, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 MSc. In. general psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.

5 BA. in clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudhen Branch, Roudhen, Iran.

10.22038/jfmh.2022.21000

چکیده

مقدمه: این مطالعه با هدف بررسی روایی، پایایی و ساختار عاملی نسخه کودک و والدین پرسشنامه ناتوانی عملکردی (FDI) در کودکان مبتلا به درد مزمن و والدین آنها انجام شد.
 
 
 
روش کار: در این مطالعه در سال 2018- 2017 تعداد 112 جفت کودک (12-7 ساله) و والدین شان به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس از بیمارستان‌های کودک شهر تهران انتخاب شدند. و پرسش نامه FDI به همراه پرسش نامه های KIDScreen، CBCL، YSR و VAS روی آنها اجرا شد. داده ها با استفاده از همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی برای به دست آوردن یافته ها مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
 
 
 
یافته ها: نتایج پایایی FDI نشان داد که آلفای کرونباخ نسخه کودک و والد به ترتیب 89/0 و 90/0 بوده که نشان دهنده ضرایب آلفای بالا است. همچنین بسیاری از نسخه های فرزند و والدین همبستگی دو برابری به دست آمده را در محدوده قابل قبول و معنی داری (53/0 تا 93/0) اجرا می کنند. همچنین روایی همگرا و واگرا نسخه والد نشان داد که نسخه والد با خرده مقیاس های کیفیت زندگی (0.08- تا 0.20-) و با خرده مقیاس های CBCL (0.30 تا 0.35) و همچنین مقیاس شباهت بصری (0.30) همبستگی منفی دارد. 15/0) همبستگی مثبت و معناداری دارد. تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی چهار عامل را در نسخه کودک و سه عامل را در نسخه والدین شناسایی کرد و در تحلیل عاملی تاییدی برازش این عوامل جدید تایید شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: پرسشنامه ناتوانی عملکردی دارای ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی مناسبی در جمعیت کودکان مبتلا به درد مزمن و والدین آنها است.

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