The effectiveness of group mindfulness training on reducing symptoms of ‎psychopathology and electrocardiographic changes in patients with coronary ‎heart disease

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. student in psychology, ‎University of Guilan, Rasht

2 Associate professor of ‎psychology, University of ‎Guilan, Rasht

3 PhD. student of psychology, ‎University of Isfahan ‎

4 Assistant professor of ‎psychology, University of ‎Guilan, Rasht‎

5 Assistant professor of ‎cardiology, Guilan University of ‎Medical Sciences, Rasht


Introduction: The present research focuses on the effectiveness of group mindfulness training on reducing symptoms of psychopathology and electrocardiographic changes in patients with coronary heart disease.
 Materials and Methods: 22 men suffering from coronary heart disease among the study population (men with coronary heart disease who were referred to the Heshmat hospital in Rasht) were selected by consecutive sampling and were assigned randomly into an experimental group and a control group (11 participants in each group). The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hostility measures in Check List-90 revised (SCL-90-R), and Spielberger Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were performed For symptoms of psychopathology as pre-tests for each group. To evaluate the effectiveness of the mindfulness on electrocardiographic changes, before and after the intervention of mindfulness, electrocardiography was taken from the patients. After 8 training sessions of mindfulness based cognitive therapy for experimental group, in order to measure the dependent variables, the tools described above, were repeated as post-tests for both group. The data was studied by analysis of covariance and multivariate analysis of covariance.
 Results: The results of analysis of covariance indicated that there were significant differences (P<0.0001) between the experimental and control group in post-test scores of depression, hostility and stait-trait anxiety whereas training of the mindfulness has no significant impact on electrocardiographic indices (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: According to the results, group mindfulness training has a significant effect on reduction of symptoms of psychopathology in men with coronary heart disease. The clinical implications are discussed.


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