The role of the parent's child, attachment styles and family functioning in the formation of Gender Dysphoria

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, Professor of Psychology Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology University of

2 Ph.D. of Consultant, Faculty of Consultant Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology University of Isfahan

3 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, Assistant Professor of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad


Introduction: Parent-child relationship damage, attachment styles and inefficient family functioning are considered as key components of mental disorders in several psychopathology models. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Parent-child relationship and attachment styles as emotional and emotional factors and role of family function as a family factor in the formation of Gender Dysphoria.

Methods:For this purpose, 101 people (51 female and 50 male) from Gender Dysphoria with informed consent were selected through available sampling method. Parent child relationship questionnaire attachment styles and family function were completed. Data were analyzed using Spss software version 21 and regression analysis.

Results: Based on the results of simultaneous regression analysis In the context of maternal relationship, the most important components are imitation and annoyment / role confusion. In the area of attachment styles, avoidant insecure attachment style, and in the field of family function, components such as communication, emotional integration, problem solving and general family function were able to predict gender dissatisfaction.

Conclusion: According to research findings, the simultaneous role of emotional and family psychological factors in the occurrence of Gender Dysphoria is noteworthy.