Document Type : Brief Report
Associated professor, Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
MS. in educational psychology, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
Assistant professor, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Student Research Committee, Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Introduction: In recent years, non-communicable diseases such as obesity had a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in human societies. These diseases are associated with dysfunction of various organs of the body. This study aimed to evaluate anxiety and depression in adolescents with abnormal body mass index with normal population.
Materials and Methods: This is the case-control study conducted on adolescents in Birjand. To determine the level of anxiety, Tzanck self-evaluation scale anxiety and to evaluate depression, kids and adolescents depression inventory were used. Data analyzed through SPSS software version 15 and statistical tests, chi-square, Fisher's exact test and independent t-test.
Results:A total of 204 adolescents were enrolled. There is significant difference in mean score of anxiety was observed in obese children and overweight with normal mean of anxiety in adolescents overweight and obese was significantly higher than normal adolescents (P<0.001). There is significant difference in mean depression score was observed in obese children and overweight with normal mean of anxiety in adolescents overweight and obese was significantly higher than normal teenagers (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study have been shown that anxiety and depression have a significant relation with abnormality in body mass index and this abnormality can impact adolescents' depression and anxiety.