The mediating role of psychological resilience, and social support on the relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in cancer patients

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MA. student in general psychology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran

2 Assistant professor of psychology, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran


Introduction: Although cancer affects the person’s mental health, sense of disappointment and lack of hope seem to be the most major problem for the patient at the time. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of spiritual well-being, psychological resilience, and perceived social support on hope in cancer patients.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, among women with cancer aged between 17 and 75 years old who referred to Baqban treatment center of Sari, 198 women with cancer diagnosis were selected through convenience sampling method. All participants were asked to complete the Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Ahvaz Hardiness Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and Snyder's Hope Scale. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, SPSS software version 22.0 and Amos-20.0 statistics package.
Results: Using structural equation modeling, the results showed that the direct (P=0.001), and indirect (P=0.016) effect of spiritual well-being on hope was positive and significant.
Conclusion: In women with cancer disease, the positive effect of spiritual well-being on hope can be explained through the mediating role of psychological hardiness and perceived social support.