Correlates of student's gender role conflict: Can gender role conflict predict psychological well-being?

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate professor of psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 MA. student in psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran


Introduction: In many studies, gender role conflict is considered as one of the correlates of psychological problems.  The aim of this research was to study the relationship between gender role conflict and psychological well-being among students.
 Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, research subjects were 200 male students selected through multistage cluster sampling from Mohaghegh Ardabili University in 2014. O’Neil’s Gender Role Conflict Scale (1986) and Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (2002) were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using multi-variant regression analysis.
 Results: The results showed that the elements of success, power, and competition can predict the components of self-acceptance (P<0.01), autonomy, and mastery over the environment (P<0.05). Limited affectivity has a significant impact on Positive relations (P<0.05) and personal growth (P<0.01), and the conflicts between work and family relations has a significant effect on positive relations (P<0.05), environmental mastery (P<0.01), and Purpose in life (P<0.01). Moreover, 42% of the variance in psychological well-being among college students is explained with gender role conflict.
 Conclusion: Based on these results, individuals with less gender role conflict have better psychological well-being.