Comparing the personal characteristics of women suffering from postnatal depression with a control group

Document Type : Brief Report


1 M.Sc. in clinical psychology, Branch of sciences and researches,Zahedan Islamic Azad University

2 Ph.D.Psychiatrist, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

3 Ph.D. of psychology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences


Postpartum depression is a syndrome, a combination of physical illness, mental and behavioral changes that some women do experience after childbirth.
We aimed to compare the characteristics of women with postpartum depression with normal (non-depressed) patients.
 In this descriptive-cross sectional study, 150 (99 non depressed and 51 patients with post-natal depression) referred to health centers in Zahedan in 2012-13 based on random sampling were examined. The survey instrument included three demographic questions (demographic), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Data analyzed by independent t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient SPSS software version 18.
 The results showed that the mean scores of personality characteristics in depressed women postpartum and normal indices of Neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, agreement and there was no significant difference between the mean scores of the two groups (P=0.001)  but the openness index difference was not significant (P=0.654).
 The results need support and education programs in the period before and after childbirth for mothers and others to prevent postpartum depressive symptoms in women with personality disorders can be justified


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