Opaque Image: the lived experiences of patients with psychiatric disorders of media Stigma

Document Type : Research Paper


1 P.h.D in Nursing Education, Department of Nursing, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Professor, Nursing and Midwifery research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهدPh. D in Nursing education, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran



Introduction: Individuals diagnosed with psychiatric disorders are recognized as a minority group that is socially discriminated against, stigmatized, and rejected. multiple sources of stigma for patients with psychiatric disorders, including newspapers, films, TV, websites, and books that promote negative stereotypes. Since the influence of the media on people's; “views and thinking toward these patients is very important, the purpose of this study is to understand the lived experiences of the patients with psychiatric disorders of media stigma”.

Method: This hermeneutic phenomenological study is part of a Ph.D. dissertation in nursing. The main study was performed on 12 psychiatric patients in 2017. They were selected based on a purposive sampling method. unstructured in-depth interviews for data collection were used. Data analyses were done with the interpretative phenomenological analysis method.

Results: Media misrepresentation is One of the main themes of the phenomenon understudy in the original project. It consists of two subs themes; (Media Exaggeration, Disturbing public opinion). Each of which is supported by several shared meanings.

Conclusion: Results of this study are suitable for combating stigma in patients with psychiatric disorders in Iran. Also, the findings of this study can shape the interventions and policies to prevent the spread of stigma through media about people with psychiatric disorders.


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