Developing and Evaluating the Effectiveness of Pioneer kindergarten Educational Program on Social Skills and Executive Functions of kindergarten Children: A Preliminary Study on the National Plan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of rehabilitation science and social welfare

2 PhD of clinical psychology, Assistant Prof, Department of educational science, University of social welfare and rehabilitation science , Tehran, Iran

3 MD, MPH, Head Director of Cultural and Social Crime Prevention of the Judiciary, Country Justice, Tehran, Iran

4 Master of Art student in preschool education, department of kindergarten and preschool education, University of social welfare and rehabilitation sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: social, economic, family and personal characteristics and abilities are among the factors influencing the emergence of crime. Although changing social and economic factors are usually costly, indirect changes in these factors can be done slowly by creating the right individual skills and abilities and expanding the economic environment with proper planning. According to these findings, the present study conducted to improve the skills of kindergarten children with a developmental crime prevention perspective. Methods: The method implemented in this study was the quasi-experimental intervention. The study sample of 32 children was selected from among the kindergartens in Mashhad by the available sampling method. Training Presented by kindergarten teachers who participated in the necessary workshops. Gresham and Elliott Social Skills Rating System and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function were used for evaluation. Data analysis was performed by SPSS v23 software using Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. Results: The results show that due to intervention, planning (w = 2.88, p = 0.002), inhibition (w = 2.74, p = 0.005) and Shift (w = 2.61, p = 0.008) from executive functions and as well as cooperation (w = 2.2, p = 0.03) from social skills have been improved, no other significant changes or improvements were found. Conclusion: Intervention in kindergarten age using social skills, thinking and coding can improve the cooperation of social skills and planning, inhibition and shift from executive functions. Finally based on available resources these Skills can reduce the economic and personal context of crime.


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