Evidence from Iran: Determining the relationship between the five-factor personality traits and the Coronavirus health guideline compliance

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Institute of Islamic Studies in Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of psychology, Ferdowsi university of mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


Introduction: In the epidemic’s prevalence, especially the highly contagious Coronavirus disease (COVID- 19), it is essential to follow the behavioral recommendations that reduce the infection risk. Humans’ personality traits influence many of their behaviors. Knowing the relationship between personality traits and how individuals follow health guidelines is useful. Since it is possible to increase conformity to health guidelines by correcting maladaptive personality traits or strengthening adaptive personality traits, the purpose of this paper was to determine the relationship between health observance and the five personality traits in the NEO test.

Material and Methods: The sample size was 220 students (157 females and 63 males) studying in various fields at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad during the 2020-2021 academic year. The voluntary sampling method, regression statistical analysis, NEO-FFI-60, and the health observance questionnaire were used.

Results: The results showed that the personality type explains 36% of the health observance and quarantine compliance in the Corona outbreak. The conscientiousness dimension had the highest correlation (r = 0/562, p<0/05), and the openness to experience dimension (r = 0/268, p<0/05) had the lowest correlation with the level of health observance and quarantine compliance. Only the neuroticism dimension was inversely related to health observance and quarantine compliance (r = -0/320, p<0/05).

Conclusions: Researchers can use conscientious characteristics as a model in health education protocols. Conscientiousness, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and neuroticism predicted health observance and quarantine compliance, respectively. The neuroticism dimension was inversely related to the following health observances and quarantine compliance.


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