Determine the contribution of the quality of life components and happiness in predicting resilience of addicted people quitting substance abuse

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in psychology, Department of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Marvdasht, Marvdasht, Iran

3 MS.c. in psychology, Department of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran

4 MS.c. in psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of the quality of life components and happiness in predicting resilience of people quitting substance abuse.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study conducted in 2017-2018, one-hundred addicted men who quitted substance abuse were selected through a randomized cluster sampling method in addiction treatment centers of Ahvaz city, Iran. Data were collected by the Short Form of Health Survey Questionnaire, the Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI), and Conner and Davidson Resilience Questionnaire (CD-RISC). The data were analyzed using SPSS 23 software, including statistical methods such as descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The results showed that factors such as psychological quality and happiness had a positive significant correlation with resilience and the positivity of these coefficients actually indicated that with increasing these factors, the amount of resilience increases. Moreover, the results of linear regression showed that quality of life and happiness were able to predict 0.31 of variance of resilience in people quitting substance abuse.
Conclusion: Regarding to the important role of quality of life and happiness increasing the resiliency of people quitting substance abuse, it seems that assessment of the quality of life, happiness, and resilience of individuals can be considered in evaluating treatment of substance abuse disorder, and therapeutic interventions.

Keywords


  1. Tabatabaeichehr M, Ebrahimisani E, Mortazavi H. [The effectiveness of group cognitive - behavioral psychotherapy on changing of irrational beliefs in male addicts]. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences 2012; 4(3): 419-30. (Persian)
  2. Ahmadi F, Salar AR, Faghihzadeh S. [The survey of quality of life in elderly of Zahedan city]. Hayat 2004; 22: 61-7. (Persian)
  3. Orfila F, Ferrer M, Lamarca R, Tebe C, Domingo-Salvany A, Alonso J. Gender differences in health-related quality of life among the elderly: the role of objective functional capacity and chronic conditions. Soc Sci Med 2006; 63(9): 2367-80.
  4. Pasareanu AR, Opsal A, Vederhus J-K, Kristensen Ø, Clausen T. Quality of life improved following in-patient substance use disorder treatment. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2015; 13: 35.
  5. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Substance Use and Health. 2015; HHS Publication No. SMA 15-4927, NSDUH Series H-50. ‚Äč[cited 2015]. Available from: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
  6. Muller AE, Skurtveit S, Clausen T. Many correlates of poor quality of life among substance users entering treatment are not addiction-specific. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2016; 14: 39.
  7. Zand A, Shams J, Shakeri N, Chatr-Zarrin F. [The relationship between well-being and substance abuse relapse]. Research in medicine 2017; 41(1): 31-36. (Persian)
  8. Pouranaghash Tehrani SS, Amani S, Habibi M. [The relationship between quality of life and personality traits in addicted people]. Journal of behavioral sciences researches 2012; 10(3): 155-67. (Persian)
  9. Mahmoudi GH, Mohammad Amiri M, Jahani MA, Haji Beklu E. [The study of mental health status and quality of life of addicts referred to methadone treatment centers in Sari city]. 2012; 3(4): 7-17.
  10. Aghayan S, Amiri M, Chaman R, Khosravi A. Quality of life in methadone maintenance treated patients in Iran. Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2015; 4(4): e22275. 
  11. Alipour A, Noorbala A. [Preliminary study of reliability and validity of Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in Tehran University students]. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 1999; 17: 56-64. (Persian)
  12. Heydari M, Dehghanizade J. [Effect of a period of selective aerobic exercises on self-efficacy, happiness and mindfulness in addicts]. Research on addiction 2018; 11: 23-41. (Persian)
  13. Sabzey M, Motamedi H, Rafiee H, Ali Pour F. [The relationship between social control and social support with resilience to substance abuse in boys with addicted fathers]. Social welfare 2013; 13: 207-28. (Persian)
  14. Yasavoli H, Abdi M. [The comparison of resiliency and coping strategies in individuals with substance addiction and normal]. Quarterly journal of social work 2015; 4(1): 24-29. (Persian)
  15. Momeni Kh, Molaei Parde A, Mohebbi Z. [Relationship between attachment styles and resiliency with addiction talented students]. Journal of police knowledge Kermanshah 2013; 12: 12-16. (Persian)
  16. Mohammadi A, Aghajani M, Zehtab Var GH. [Relationship between addiction, resilience and emotional components]. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 2011; 17(2): 136-42. (Persian)
  17. Ware JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 1992; 30: 473-83.
  18. Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gandek B. The short form Health Survey (SF-36): Translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Qual Life Res 2005; 14: 875-82.
  19. Asghari A, Faghehi S. [Validation of the SF-36 health survey questionnaire in two Iranian samples]. Daneshvar Raftar 2003; 1: 1-11. (Persian)
  20. Argyle M, Martin M, Crossland J. Happiness as a function of personality and social encounters. In: Forgas JP, Innes JM. (editors). Recent advances in social psychology: An international perspective. North Holland: Elsevier; 1989: 189-203.
  21. Koerner AF, Fitzpatrick MA. Understanding family communication patterns and family functioning: The roles of conversation orientation and conformity orientation. Ann Int Commun Assoc 2002;26(1):36-65.
  22. Jowkar B, Rahimi M. [The effect of family communication patterns on happiness in a group of high school students in Shiraz]. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 2008; 13(4): 376-84. (Persian)
  23. Hosseini Almadani SA, Ahadi H, Karimi Y, Bahrami H, Moazedian A. [The comparison of resiliency, identity styles, spirituality and perceived social support in addicts, non-addicts, and recovered addicts]. Research on addiction 2012; 6: 47-64. (Persian)
  24. Oshio A, Kaneko H, Nagamine S, Nakaya M. Construct validity of the Adolescent Resilience Scale. Psychol Reports 2003; 93(1): 1217-22.
  25. Kazemi-Mojarad M, Bahreynian A, Mohamadi-Arya A. [Impact of training choice theory on quality of life and happiness of people quitting substances]. Iranian journal of health education and health promotion 2014; 2(2): 165-74. (Persian)
  26. Naemi AM. [The effect of resiliency training on mental health, optimism and life satisfaction of female-headed households]. Positive psychology research 2015; 1(3): 33-44. (Persian)