The role of extroversion and introversion traits in relation between girls' anxiety and parenting styles

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MS. in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran, Iran

3 MS. in General Psychology, Bandar Gaz Branch, Bandar Gaz , Iran

4 Ph.D. in Education Psychology, Teaching and Research Branch of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

5 Ph.D. student in psychology and education of exceptional children, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran


Introduction: Anxiety disorders can affect all attitudes, behaviors and even individuals state, and these effects in children will be far broader than adults. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the role of extroversion and introversion traits in relation between girls' anxiety and parenting styles.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive correlative study included all 15872 junior girls in Qom city in academic year 2017-2018. Amongst them, 375 girls were selected by multistage cluster sampling method. The research instrument included Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Baumrind parenting questionnaire, and Spielberger Anxiety Inventory. Data analyzed using statistical tests such as Kolmogrov-Smirnov test, and SPSS and AMOS software.
Results: The results showed that traits of extroversion and introversion and parental parenting styles have a direct and significant effect on the anxiety in girls (P< 0.05). In an indirect way, traits of extroversion and introversion in children show a mediator role in the relationship between parenting styles and anxiety, and in general, the conceptual model was approved. Also, 0.27 of the anxiety variable can be explained by traits of extraversion and Introversion traits and parenting styles.
Conclusion: These findings are based on the family systematic theory on psychological interplay of children with parents’ behavior patterns in the family environment and express the effects of personality traits on promoting parent-child relationship and child’s anxiety.


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