Assessment of relation between personality components and coping strategies with cigarette smoking in engineering students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate professor of psychiatry, ArakUniversity of Medical Sciences

2 MA. in psychology, Young Researchers and elites Club , Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

3 MA. in psychology, Young Researchers and Elites Club, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran


Introduction: Smokinghas affected the interactions of biological, social, psychological and cultural factors and high rates of its comorbidity are emphasized by some components of personality and coping strategies in etiology. The aim of this study was evaluation of relationship between smoking, personality components and coping strategies in smokers and non-smokers students of engineering faculty of Islamic Azad University-branch of Arak and Arak University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive- analytical study as cross-sectional, with using stratified random sampling 716 male and female students (medical sciences students=323 and the engineering students=393) in academic year of 2010-2011. Measurements tools were used were consist of demographic check list, coping strategies and Neo personality test (short form) and test hypotheses questionnaire. data were analyzed by the multivariate ANOVA, correlational analysis and SPSS 18 software.
Results: The component of neurotic (P=0.0001 and r=-0.146) and agreement (P=0.0001 and r=0.159) and component of against problem oriented with coping style (P =0.001and r= -0.127) and agreement (P=0.0001 and r= -0.137) with the emotion-oriented coping style, there are significant differences but between smoking and personality   components of two groups were not significant. In addition, there was a significant difference between the average of smoking and using emotional-oriented coping strategies (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Cigarette smokers have suffered from lack of coping skills for problem solving and also suffering from that. Also high rates of cigarette smoking in men have any effects on the anxiety and nervousness.


1. World Health Organization. World No Tobacco Day 2011. [cited 2011]. Available from:
2. Kaplan CP, Napoles-springer A, Stewart SL, Perez-stable EJ. Smoking acquisition among adolescents and young Latinas: The role of socioenvironmental and personal factors. Addict Behav 2001; 26(4): 531-50.
3. Acton GS. Measurement of impulsivity in a hierarchical model of personality traits: Implications for substance use. Subst Use Misuse 2003; 38(1): 67-83.
4. Parkes KR. Smoking and the essence personality dimensions: An interactive model. Psychol Med 1984; 14: 825-34.
5. Spielberg CD, Jacobs GA. Personality and smoking-behavior. J Pers Assess 1982; 46: 396-403.
6. Arai Y, Hosokawa T, Fukao A, Izumi Y, Hisamichi S. Smoking behaviour and personality: A population based study in Japan. Addiction 1997; 92: 1023-33.
7. Breslau N, Kilbey MM, Andreski P. Vulnerability to psychopathology in nicotine-dependent smokers: An epidemiologic study of young-adults. Am J Psychiatry 1993; 150(6): 941-6.
8. Lee-Baggley D, Preece M, Delongis A. Coping with interpersonal stress: Role of big five traits. J Pers 2005; 73(5): 1141-80.
9. David JP, Suls J. Coping efforts in daily life: Role of big five traits and problems appraisals. J Pers 1999; 67(2): 65-94.
10. Fischer LA, Elias IW, Ritza K. Predicting relapse to substance abuse as a function persondity dimentions. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1998; 22(5): 1041-7.
11. Mann LS, Wise TN, Trinidad A, Kohanski R. Alexi thymia, affect recognition, and five
factors of personality In substance abusers. Percept Mot Skills 1995; 81(1): 35-40.
12. Asarian F, Omidi AB, Akbari H. [Investigation psychological and personality characteristic of young male narcotic addicts in Kashan City]. Feyz-Kashan University of Medical Sciences 2004; 8(29): 37-42. (Persian)
13. Rezvanfar M, Ekhtiyari H, Makri A, Kaviyani H. [The relation between impulsivity and personality characters with nicotine dependent in smoking people]. Advances in cognitive science 2007; 9(4): 33-49. (Persian)
14. Ghaleiha A, Farhadi Nasab A, Zarabian MK, Matinnia N. [Comparative survey of mental disorders and personality characteristics in persons with drug dependent and non drug dependent in Hamadan]. Hamadan University of Medical Sciences 2008; 2(15): 42-7. (Persian)
15. Ketabi S, Maher F, Borjali A. [The Study of personality profile of drug addicts using two of the personality theory Cloninger and Eysenck]. Journal of addiction 2008; 2(7): 45-55. (Persian)
16. Aghayousefy A. [Latest approaches in psychotherapy (Theorical foundation and practical strategies]. 1st ed. Ghom: Shahriyar; 1999: 217-307. (Persian)
17. Folkman S, Lazarus RS, Dunkel-Schetter C, DeLongis A, Gruen RJ. Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes. J Pers Soc Psychol 1986; 50(5): 992-1003.
18. Connor-Smith JK, Flachsbart C. Relations between personality and coping: A meta-analysis. J Pers Soc Psychol 2007; 93(6): 1080-107.
19. Murberg TA, Bru E, Stephens P. Personality and coping among congestive heart failure patients. Pers Individ Dif2002; 32(5): 775-84.
20. Carver CHS, Connor Smith J. The annual review of psychology is online at downloaded from Personality and coping 2010; 61: 679-704.
21. Robinson SM, Walsh J. Cognitive factors affecting abstinence among adolescent polysubstance abusers. Psychol Rep 1994; 75(1 Pt 2): 579-89.
22. Samooeie R, Ebrahimi A, Moosavi SG, Hasanzadeh A. [Strees coping skills in addicts]. Journal of research in medical sciences 2002; 7(2): 175-6. (Persian)
23. Sohrabi F. [Students against drug use and HIV vulnerability. Paper presented at the meeting as a scientific research study of youth drug use and HIV vulnerability]. Shaghiegh Cultural Corporation, Tehran, 2008. (Persian)
24. Seyam SH. [Drug abuse prevalence between male students of different universities in Rasht in 2005]. Tabib-e-shargh, journal of Hormozghan University of Medical Sciences 2007; 8(4): 279-85. (Persian)
25. Ghorosse Ghoreshi MT. [New concepts in evaluation of personality]. Tabriz: Daneial; 2001: 72-87. (Persian)
26. Haghshenas H. [The validity of the NEO-FFI]. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 1999; 4(4): 38-46. (Persian)
27. Mousavi GH, Rohafzar M, Sadeghi M. [Cigarette and other substances use in students and their parents]. Journal of research in medical sciences 2002; 3(8): 57-9. (Persian)
28. Mohamad K, Zali M, Masjedi M, Majdzade R. [Smoking status in Iran. The plan health and disease based on the result]. Journal of medical council of Islamic Republic of Iran 1998; 16(1): 33-7. (Persian)
29. Ghafari A, Kiya N. [The prevalence of cigarette smoking in medical student at Kerman University of Medical Sciences]. Medical journal of Hormozgan University 1999; 3(1): 25-30. (Persian)
30. Hashmi N. [The prevalence of cigarette smoking in male student at Yasuj University of Medical Sciences]. Armaghan Danesh 2001; 6(23): 43-7. (Persian)
31. Masjedi MR. [Smoking condition in Iran and the world, Abstract of article of the 1st Congress of Non-communicable Diseases Prevention]. Journal of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences 2001; 3: 11. (Persian)
32. Aghamolaiee T, Zare S. [Pattern of smoking and water-pipe smoking in adolescent over 15 years in Bandar Abbas. A population study]. Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences 2006; 15(4): 241-6. (Persian)
33. Shoja M, Joubari L, Ghorbani M, Sanagou H, Kiakajouri Z, Arganji H. [Prevalence and cause of smoking among the dormitories student in Golestan University of Medical Sciences]. Pejouhandeh 2010; 15(3): 123-8. (Persian)
34. Malekafzali H, Ahmadzade V. [The study smoking in the street resident 13 Aban, Tehran]. Journal of Teb va Tazkiyeh 1998; 7(31): 48-50. (Persian)
35. Sohrabi F. [Smoking in the mirror of research]. 1st ed. Tehran: Madreseh; 1989: 42-3. (Persian)
36. Chapman S. [Why smokers to begin and continue cigaretes smoking?]. Rouhshahbaz K. (Translator). Journal of world's health 1995; 1: 40-6. (Persian)
37. Majidpour A, Hamidzadeh Arbabi Y, Abbasgholizadeh N, Noursalehi E. [Prevalence and causes of tendency to cigarette smoking amoung student in Ardabil University of Medical Sciences]. Jornal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences 2005; 5(3): 266270. (Persian)
38. Abedini S, Kamalzadeh Thakhti H, Sadeghifare E, Shahrakivahed A. [Cigarette Smoking amoung medical students of Bandar Abbas University of Medical Sciences]. Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Scienses 2008; 11(4): 297-302. (Persian)
39. McCormick RA, Dowd ET, Quirk S, Zegarra JH. The relationship of NEO-PI performance to coping styles, patterns of use, and triggers for use among substance abusers. Addict Behav 1998; 23(4): 497-507.
40. Jazayeri A. [Study and comparison between personality traits and coping strategies in opium abuser between ages of 30-36 years]. MA. Dissertation. Tehran, 2002. (Persian)
41. Terracciano A, Costa P. Smoking and the five-factor model of personality. Addiction 2004; 99(4): 472-81.
42. Tofani H, Javanbakht M. [Dysfunction attitudes and coping strategies in narcotic addict and non narcotic addict]. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 2001; 7(1-2): 55-62. (Persian)
43. Heydari Pahlavian A, Amirzargar M, Farhadinasab AA, Mahjoub H. [Comparing personality characteristic of addicts with non addicts in Hamadan]. Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences 2003; 10(2): 55-62. (Persian)