Document Type : Research Paper
Professor, Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Associate professor, Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: Spiritual coping have an important role in confronting stressful events in life. Therefore, the aim of the present study was standardization of the spiritual coping questionnaire in students.
Materials and Methods: In descriptive- correlational research, 600 undergraduate students of public universities in Tehran were selected using multistage cluster sampling. The Spiritual Coping Questionnaire (SCQ), Brief Religious Coping Scale (Brief-RCOPE), Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS), Spiritual Intelligence Scale (SIS) and Iranian Mental Health Scale for students (IMHS) were administered on the participants. The research data were analyzed by the SPSS and LISREL software as well as Pearson correlation, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.
Results: The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) for total score, positive and negative spiritual coping were 0.84, 0.90 and 0.84, respectively. The reliability coefficient relevant to subscales of positive and negative spiritual coping was 0.57 to 0.90. The findings of exploratory factor analysis suggested two accessible factors of positive and negative spiritual coping in the original version of the Persian version. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis exhibit the seven-factor model of this questionnaire has an acceptable fit with data. Finally, this questionnaire has a criterion, convergent, and divergent validity.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that Spiritual Coping Questionnaire has an appropriate reliability and validity to measure the spiritual coping of Iranian students.