The impact of competitive and non-competitive activities on children's aggression

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD. student in motor development and learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Motor Behavior, Alzahra University , Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Regarding to the importance of children and adolescents' aggression in the prediction of problems over the psycho-social adjustments in future, the current study was conducted in order to compare the impact of competitive and non-competitive activities on the aggression of children aged 7-9 and 10-12 years.
Materials and Methods: The statistical community of this clinical trial consists of 2200 boy students of elementary schools in Khalil Abad city through the academic years of 2015-2016. At first, 4 elementary schools were randomly chosen, and 200 students were divided into two competitive and non-competitive groups randomly. The aggression questionnaire for the child aged 7-11 years was given as a pre-test to the participants in the school (teachers' form). The duration of the exercise plan was 12 weeks (twice a week). At the end of the intervention, a post-test was conducted on the groups. The data were analyzed using the multi-variate co-variance test.
Results: The results showed that upon deleting the impact of pre-test of aggression score, the effect of competitive- non-competitive group with the age group on the post-test scores was not significant (P= 0.11 and f (1, 99)=2.47).
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it seems that competitive or non-competitive activities do not have various effects on the aggression of students.


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