Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant professor of child and adolescent psychiatry, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
MS.c. in psychology, Urmia, Iran
Introduction: Real causes of Autism disorders are unknown. Today, neurodevelopment factors are considered as the main cause of this disorder. Possibly, the potential genetic factors and their interaction with environmental factors increase the probability of Autism. Recently, the interest toward the studies on the impact of socioeconomic status on health is increased. This study aims to investigate the relation between parents' socioeconomic status and incidence of Autism.
Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, the case community concluded all children who received Autism diagnosis in the health centers of West Azarbaijan Province, and they were educating in schools in 2016 and the control group concluded the healthy individuals. A SES questionnaire was used to determine the economic and social status, including four components (income, economical class, residence and education).
Results: The results of this study did not indicate any significant difference in maternal leave and socioeconomic status in the studied groups (P>0.05) while distribution of changing in the residence location was statistically significant among the studied groups (P=0.020).
Conclusion: It seems that parents' socio-economic status cannot cause Autism.