The study of the relationship between parents' socioeconomic factors in the incidence of autism

Document Type : Research Paper


Psychiatry/Medical science/urmia/iran


Background and Objectives: The true causes of autism disorders are unknown. At first, it was believed that the environment was the main cause of this disorder. Today, neural growth factors are considered as the main causes of this disorder. Possibly, potential genetic factors and their interaction with environmental factors are likely to increase the risk of autism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between parents' socioeconomic factors in the incidence of autism.Materials and Methods: This is a case-control study. In which the case group is consisted of individuals with autism and the control group or the control group includes healthy subjects, which were compared in two variables. The population used in this study is all children who received diagnosis of autism in health care centers of West Azarbaijan Province and received training at schools in 1395. The SES questionnaire was used to determine the economic and social status, which included four components (income, economic class, housing situation and education).Results: According to the results of this study, there was no significant difference in maternal abortion and socioeconomic status in the studied groups (p> 0.05). However, the distribution of habitat change among the groups was statistically different (p = .020).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that economic and social factors can not be the cause of autism. The findings of the study were similar to those of the study conducted in Sweden and Denmark.


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