Development and Testing of the Communication Model of Basic Psychological Needs on the Meaning in Life by Mediating the Psychological Capital and Human Values

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Free University of Sanandaj

2 Department of Psychologyical Management, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran Assistant Professor Rank 10

3 Razi University of Kermanshah

4 Assistant Professor, Sassandaj Azad University


Introduction: People have always been seeking inner peace to satisfy basic psychological needs and find new meaning for their suffering. In this way, protection of the human values have been prioritized with the help of psychological capitals. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the basic psychological needs on the meaning in life by mediating the psychological capital and human values.
Materials & Methods: The research method was descriptive-correlational and of structural equation model type. The statistical population of the study consisted of all nurses working in hospitals in the city of Kermanshah in 2017 that 500 individuals were selected as the sample using multi-stage cluster sampling method. Deci and Ryan(2000) Scale of Psychological Needs, Luthans(2007) Psychological Capital Questionnaire, Schwarz’s(1994) Scale of Human Values and Steger et al.(2006) Meaning in life Questionnaire were used as the measuring tools.

Findings: The findings indicated that in general, the hypothesized model was fitted with the data, and the direct effects of basic psychological needs, psychological capital, and human values on the meaning in life were significant. Also, psychological capital had a direct and significant effect on human values. In addition, the indirect and significant effects of basic psychological needs on human values and psychological capital on the meaning in life were confirmed.
Discussion Conclusions: the basic psychological needs, human values and psychological capitals can predict meaning in life of the nurses to a great extent., these three variables’ improvement can increase the meaning in life of the nurses.


Main Subjects