Psychotherapy approaches of Iranian psychiatrists and psychologists

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Child and adolescent psychiatrist, Assistant professor of Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. student in psychology, Department of psychology, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Central branch, Tehran, Iran

3 MS.c. in psychology, Islamic Azad University, Iran


Introduction: Since past decades by transmission from first and second psychotherapy waves, specialists and psychotherapists are taken special consideration into psychotherapy effectiveness. This research aimed to evaluate psychotherapy approaches of Iranian psychiatrists and psychologists (2014 to 2016).
Materials and Methods: Sample consists of 300 psychiatrist, and psychologist with Ph.D. and master degree. Data gathering carried on by paper and pencil questionnaire in Shiraz and Tehran cities and also by web base questionnaire in all cities of Iran. Researcher made questionnaire consisted of demographic questions such as gender, age, history of work and faculty member and etc. Questionnaire also contains a question with 12 options asking about psychotherapist approaches. The data analyzed through descriptive tests, chi-square and SPSS software.
Results: Psychotherapy approaches found with skew distribution among psychotherapists. Results show that just some psychotherapy approaches are practical and psychiatrists or psychologists just prefer some specific approaches. Cognitive-behavioral approach has highest rate of use and preference in all academic degrees.
Conclusion: The importance and requisiteness of psychotherapies and effective psychological interventions in Persian culture lead us to conduct this research in Iranian psychotherapist. The results showed the use rates of psychotherapy approaches among Iranian psychiatrists and psychologists.  


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