نقش میانجی خشم و کمال‌گرایی در ارتباط بین ویژگی‌های شخصیت و باورهای اختلال خوردن در بین دانش‌آموزان مقطع دبیرستان شهرستان بجستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

2 دکترای روان‌شناسی تربیتی، گروه روان-شناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلالات خوردن یکی از عوامل نگران کننده سلامت عمومی است که از دهه 1970 نرخ آن به سرعت رو به افزایش است.این پژوهش به بررسینقش میانجی خشم و کمال­گرایی در ارتباط بین ویژگی­های شخصیت و باورهای اختلال خوردن در بین دانش­آموزان مقطع دبیرستان شهرستان بجستان پرداخته است.
روش­کار: در این پژوهش همبستگی نمونه­ای با تعداد210 نفر از دانش­آموزان دختر مقطع دبیرستان شهرستان بجستان در سال تحصیلی 94-1393، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه­های نگرش­های خوردن و شخصیتی چندوجهی مینه­سوتا و مقیاس­ خشم چندبعدی و مقیاس چندبعدی کمال­گرایی فراست بود.
یافته­ها: در مدل‌یابی باورهای اختلال خوردن، اثر مستقیم شخصیت بر خشم و کمال­گرایی مثبت و معنی‌دار است. به ‌علاوه، خشم به ‌طور مثبت و معنی‌دار بر باورهای خوردن تاثیر دارد، در حالی که رابطه کمال­گرایی و باورهای خوردن، معنی‌دار نیست (05/0<P). همچنین بین کنترل دهانی اختلال خوردن و انتقاد والدین کمال­گرایی، رابطه مثبت و معنی دار وجود دارد (05/0P<).
  نتیجه­گیری: بنا بر نتایج، ناهنجاری­های شخصیتی می­تواند به صورت مستقیم و غیر مستقیم و با واسطه هیجان خشم و نه کمال­گرایی، باورهای نابهنجار خوردن را تبیین نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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