رابطه ی نام با عزت نفس در دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد همدان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد ‏اسلامی، واحد همدان

چکیده

مقدمه: عزت نفس جزء عاطفی و ارزشیابانه‌ی خودپنداره تلقی می‌گردد و بخشی از خویشتن هر فرد که تاثیر زیادی بر خودپنداره یا هویت وی دارد، نام او است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه‏ی نام کوچک و عزت نفس عمومی با توجه به جنسیت دانشجویان است.
روش‌کار: مطالعه به روش پیمایشی بر روی نمونه‌ی 400 نفری از دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد همدان در سال تحصیلی 91-1390 صورت گرفته که به روش طبقه‌ای نسبی انتخاب شدند. ابزار آن پرسش‌نامه‌ی عزت نفس کوپراسمیت 58 گویه‌ای بوده است. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس یک‌سویه، دوطرفه‌ی بین آزمودنی، آزمون تی برای گروه‌های مستقل، آزمون لون برای همگنی واریانس‌ها و آزمون تعقیبی توکی صورت گرفته است.
یافته‌ها: نمره‌ی عزت نفس عمومی دانشجویان 6.91± 31.91 بوده و تفاوتی از نظر جنسیت وجود نداشته است (0.747=P) اما بین نوع نام دانشجویان با عزت نفس کلی رابطه وجود داشت (0.013=P) و عزت نفس دارندگان نام‌های اسلامی بیشتر از واجدین نام‌های ایرانی یا فرنگی بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: عزت نفس دانشجویان با نوع نام فارغ از جنسیت آنان رابطه دارد و با توجه به فرهنگ ما در دارندگان نام‌های اسلامی بیشتر از ایرانی یا فرنگی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


1. Blascovich J, Tomaka J. Measures of self-esteem. In: Robinson JP, Shaver PR, Wrightsman LS. (editors). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1991: 123.

2. Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University; 1965: 15.

3. Cast AD, Burke PJ. A theory of self-esteem. Soc Forces 2002; 80: 1041-68.

4. Staub E. Personality, basic aspects and current research. New York: Prentice-Hall; 1980: 84-117.

5. Jones JT, Pelham BW, Carvallo M, Mirenberg MC. How do I love thee? Let me count the Js: Implicit egotism and interpersonal attraction. J Pers Soc Psychol 2004; 87: 665-83.

6. Bong M, Clark RE. Comparison between self-concept and self-efficacy in academic motivation research. Educ Psychol 1999; 82: 139-53.

7. Byrne BM, Worth Gavin DA. The Shavelson model revisited: Testing for the structure of academic self-concept across pre, early, and late adolescents. J Educ Psychol 1996; 88: 215-28.

8. Shavelson RJ, Bolus R. Self-concept: The interplay of theory and methods. J Educ Psychol 1982; 74: 3-17.

9. Shavelson RJ, Hubner JJ, Stanton GC. Self-concept: Validation of construct interpretations. Rev Educ Res 1976; 46: 407-41.

10. Hoffman RM, Hattie JA, Borders LD. Personal definitions of masculinity and femininity as an aspect of gender self-concept. J Humanist Educ Dev 2005; 44(1): 66.

11. Hoffman RM. Conceptualizing heterosexual identity development: Issues and challenges. J Couns Dev 2004; 82(3): 375.

12. Wade JC. Male reference group identity dependence: A theory of male identity. Couns Psychol 1998; 26(3): 349.

13. Tajfel H. Social identity and intergroup relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University; 1982: 12.

14. Aries E, Olver RR, Blount K, Christalvi K, Fredman SL. Race and gender as components of the working self-concept. J Soc Psychol 1998; 138: 277-84.

15. Shafiabadi A. [Occupational and vocational guide and theories of job selection]. 20th ed. Tehran: Roshd; 2011: 413. (Persian)

16. Harter S. Identity and self development. In: Feldman S. Elliott G. (editors.). At the threshold: The developing adolescent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University; 1990: 352-87.

17. Savin-Williams R, Demo D. Situational and transituational determinants of adolescent self-feelings. J Pers Soc Psychol 1983; 44: 824-33.

18. Franck E, de Raedt R, de Houwer J. Implicit but not explicit self-esteem predicts future depressive symptomatology. Behav Res Ther 2007; 45(10): 2448-55.

19. Robins RW, Trzesniewski KH, Tracy JL, Gosling SD, Potter J. Global self-esteem across the life span. Psychol Aging 2002; 17: 423-34.

20. Bijstra JO, Bosma HA, Jackson S. The relationship between social skills and psycho-social functioning in early adolescence. Pers Individ Dif 1994; 16(5): 767-76.

21. Neiss MB, Sedikides C, Stevenson J. Self-esteem: A behavioral genetic perspective. Eur J Pers 2002; 16: 351-67.

22. Baumeister RF, Campbell JD, Kreuger JI, Vohs KD. Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness or healthier lifestyles? Psychol Sci Public Interest 2003; 4(1): 1-44.

23. Coplan RJ, Findly LC, Nelson LJ. Characteristics of preschoolers with lower perceived competence. J Abnorm Child Psych; 2004; 32 (4): 399-408.

24. Martin R, Suls J, Wheeler L. Psychology of social comparison. International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences 2001: 14254-7.

25. Ahmadi H. [Sociology of obliquity]. 1st ed. Tehran: Samt; 2005: 100. (Persian)

26. Gebauer JE, Riketta M, Broemer PH, Maio GR. How much do you like your name? An implicit measure of global self-esteem. J Exp Soc Psychol 2008, 44: 1346-54.

27. Coopersmith S. The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: Freeman; 1967: 5.

28. Jahoda GA. Note on Ashanti names and their relationship to personality. Br J Psychol 1954; 45: 192-5.

29. Kalist D, Lee D. First names and crime: Does unpopularity spell trouble? Soc Sci Q 2009; 90: 145-54.

30. Harari H, McDavid JW. Name stereotypes and teachers' expectations. J Educ Psychol 1973; 65: 222-5.

31. Erwin P, Calev A. The influence of Christian name stereotypes on the marking of children’s essays. Br J Educ Psychol 1984; 54: 223-7.

32. Garwood SG. First-name stereotypes as a factor in self-concept and school achievement. J Educ Psychol 1976; 68: 482-7.

33. Mehrabian A, Piercy M. Affective and personality characteristics inferred from length of first names. Psychol Bull 1993; 19(6): 755-8.

34. Frieson TC. The relationship between hope and self-esteem in renal transplant recipients. Tranplant Proc 1997; 29: 3739-40.

35. Beer J. Depression and self-esteem of teachers. Psychol Rep 1987; 60(3): 1097-8.

36. Cotton JL, O'Neill BS, Griffin A. The “name game”: Affective and hiring reactions to first names. Journal of managerial psychology 2008; 23(1): 18-39.

37. Philpot VD, Holliman WB, Madonna S. Self-statements, locus of control, and depression in predicting self-esteem. Psychol Rep 1995; 76(1): 1007-10.

38. Mathews DB Barbara, L. Anxiety: A component of self-esteem. Sch Couns 1989; 24(2): 153-9.

39. Krizan Z, Suls J. Implicit self-esteem in the context of trait models of personality. Pers Individ Dif 2009; 46: 659-63.

40. Muijs RD. Predictors of academic achievement and academic self-concept; a longitudinal perspective. Br J Educ Psychol 1997; 67(3): 263-77.

41. Pourshafeie A. [A survey of relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement]. MA. Dissertation. Tehran: Tarbiat Modarres University, College of psychology and education science, 2000: 3. (Persian) 

42. Rafati F. [A survey of relationship between mental health and academic achievement in Shiraz nursing and midwifery college students]. MA. Dissertation. Shiraz: University of Medical Sciences, College of nursing and midwifery, 2000: 3-4. (Persian)

43. Kobal D, Musek J. Self-concept and academic achievement: Slolovenia and France. Pers Individ Dif 2001; 30(5): 887-99.

44. Pelham BW, Sander L, Koole CD, Hardinc J, Hettsd J, Seaha E, et al. Gender moderates the relation between implicit and explicit self-esteem. J Exp Soc Psychol 2005; 41(1): 184-9.

45. Blanton H, Jaccard J. Arbitrary metrics in psychology. Am Psychologist 2006; 61(1): 27-41.

46. Kappe R. Implicit self-esteem, the name-letter effect and candidate preferences. Proceeding of the Annual Meeting of the ISPP 32th Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14 2010-09-29. Available from: URL; http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p314756_index.html

47. Marlar MR, Joubert, CE. Liking of personal names, self-esteem, and the big five inventory. Psychol Rep 2002; 91(2): 407-10.

48. Koole SL, Pelham, BW. On the nature of implicit self-esteem: The case of the name letter effect. In: Spencer S, Fein S, Zanna MP. (editors). Motivated social perception: The Ontario symposium. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 2003: 93-116.

49. Neissi A, Shahni Yeilagh M. [The effect of self-expression training on self- expression, self esteem, social anxiety and mental health of Ahwaz high school students with social anxiety]. Journal of education science and psychology of Shahid Chamran University 2001; 3: 11-30. (Persian)

50. Biabangard A. [Methods of self-esteem enhancement in children and adolescents]. 7th ed. Tehran: Society of Parents and Educators; 2003: 26. (Persian)

51. Baron R, Byrne D, Branscombe N. [Social psychology]. 11th ed. Tehran: Ravan; 2008: 252. (Persian)

52. Helleland B, Ore CE, Wikstrom S. Names and identities. Oslo studies in language 2012; 4(2): 273-84.

53. Pouryani M. [The effect of historical events in Iranian appellation]. Tehran: Ziba; 2004: Preface. (Persian)

54. Strumpfer DJ. The relationship between attitudes toward one's name and self-esteem. Psychol Rep 1978; 43: 699-702.

55. Shokrkon H, Boroumandnasab M, Najarian B, Shahni Yeilagh M. [A survey of simple and multiple relationship between creativity, achievement motivation and self-esteem with job-making in students of Shahid Chamran University in Ahwaz]. Journal of education science and psychology of Shahid Chamran University 2002; 3: 1-24. (Persian)

56. Tamanaiefar MR, Sedighi Arfaie F, Salami Mohammadabadi F. [The relationship between emotional intelligence, self-concept and self-esteem with academic achievement]. Quarterly journal of research and planning in higher education 2009; 56: 99-113. (Persian)

57. Hosseini MA, Dejkam M, Mirlashari J. [The relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement of university students in Iran]. Iranian journal of medical education 2007; 7(1): 137-42. (Persian)

58. Zare N, Daneshpazhouh F, Razeghi M, Fallahzadeh MH. [The relationship between academic achievement with mental health and self-esteem in university students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences]. Iranian journal of education in medical sciences 2007; 7(11): 59-67. (Persian)