ساختار عاملی و اعتبار سنجش انگیزه های مصرف مواد در دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 Ph.D. student in educational psychology, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

2 Assistant professor of psychology, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

3 Associate professor of psychology, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.



مقدمه: با توجه به شیوع سوء مصرف مواد در بین دانش‌آموزان، این مطالعه با هدف اعتبارسنجی سنجش انگیزه‌های مصرف مواد (SUMM) در این گروه انجام شد.
روش‌ کار: جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه شهر کرمان در سال 1400 تشکیل می‌دهند که به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. از 1045 دانش آموز، 977 نفر به مقیاس انگیزه های مصرف مواد (SUMM) و مقیاس گرایش به اعتیاد فرجاد پاسخ دادند. از شاخص‌های اعتبار محتوا، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی، آلفای کرونباخ، ضریب گاتمن و ضریب تقسیم نصف استفاده شد. داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزارهای SPSS-22 و LISREL 8.8 مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها SUMM : دارای محتوای بالا و روایی همزمان بود. نتایج روایی ساختاری نشان داد که مدل هشت عاملی SUMM دارای شاخص های برازش مناسب است و این مدل 84/68 درصد از واریانس کل را تبیین می کند. نتایج پایایی درونی SUMM نشان داد که ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ و ضرایب تقسیم نصف برای کل مقیاس و عوامل هشتگانه آن در محدوده 81/0 تا 95/0 قرار دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس یافته‌ها، سنجش انگیزه‌های مصرف مواد (SUMM) از روایی و پایایی مناسبی برخوردار است و می‌توان از آن برای سنجش انگیزه‌های اعتیاد در دانش‌آموزان استفاده کرد.


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