Investigating the Role of Spiritual health and Resilience in Pandemic COVID- 19 on Psychological Vulnerability in Islamic Azad University Staff, Birjand, Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Departments of Midwifery, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran

2 Faculty of Humanities,Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran.


Introduction: The advent of COVID-19 has led to fear and anxiety among people around the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of spiritual health and resilience in predicting the mental vulnerability of Birjand Azad University staff in two corona peaks in the country.

Methods: This descriptive study is a causal-comparative study. The statistical population includes all staff of the Islamic Azad University of Birjand and the sample size according to Morgan table is 123 people. Samples were selected randomly. Pulotzin and Ellison Spiritual Health Questionnaire, Connor and Davidson Resilience and Mental Syndrome Questionnaires were completed in the first peak (March to the end of April) and third peak (from October). Mean data, standard deviation and t-test were used in data analysis with SPSS software version 21.

Findings: The results showed that there was a significant difference in the degree of psychological vulnerability of individuals in the two corona peaks (p <0.001). There is (p <0.001). There is a significant difference between the level of spiritual health and the level of mental vulnerability of individuals in the two corona peaks (p <0.001).

Conclusion: Increased resilience and spiritual health can lead to a decrease in mental vulnerability. The results of this study can be used to diagnose the extent of psychological damage caused by coronary heart disease in the staff of Birjand Azad University and to plan the necessary psychological interventions in this target group.


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