بررسی نقش واسطه ای تاب آوری در رابطه ی بین ویژگی های شخصیت با نگرش به بزهکاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان

3 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان

چکیده

مقدمه دوره‌ی نوجوانی یکی از حساس‌ترین و بحرانی‌ترین دوره‌های رشد هر انسان بوده که به علت بی‌ثباتی در وضعیت روانی ممکن است تصمیم‌گیری‌های فرد به رفتارهای خطرناک منتهی شود. هدف پژوهش حاضر تبیین نقش واسطه‌گری تاب‌آوری برای ویژگی‌های شخصیت و نگرش به بزهکاری بود.
روش‌ کار: نمونه‌ی این پژوهش توصیفی شامل 400  دانش‌آموز دختر مقطع دبیرستانی شاغل به تحصیل در نیمه‌ی دوم سال تحصیلی 92-1391 در شهر کرمان بودند که به روش نمونه‌ گیری خوشه‌ ای انتخاب و پرسش‌نامه‌ های نگرش به بزهکاری، تاب‌آوری و فرم کوتاه شده‌ ی ویژگی‌های شخصیت نئو را تکمیل نمودند. تحلیل از روش تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم‌ افزار Mplus 5 انجام شد.
یافته‌ ها: این تحلیل نشان داد که ویژگی‌های شخصیتی مسئولیت ‌پذیری            ( 001/0>P) و روان‌ رنجوری ( 001/0>P) به صورت مستقیم و غیر مستقیم از طریق تاب‌ آوری و   هم‌چنین برون‌گرایی به طور غیر مستقیم (01/0>P) نگرش منفی به بزهکاری را پیش‌بینی نمودند. هم‌چنین مسئولیت‌پذیری ( 001/0>P) به صورت مستقیم دارای تاثیر منفی و معنی‌داری بر نگرش مثبت به بزهکاری بود.
نتیجه‌ گیری: با توجه به نتایج، نوجوانان بیشتر در معرض خطرات اجتماعی و روان‌شناختی هستند و به نظر می‌رسد با افزایش مسئولیت‌پذیری و تاب‌آوری در ایشان می‌توان از بزهکاری پیش‌گیری نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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