مراقبه در فرهنگ اسلامی و در غرب ‏

نوع مقاله: گزارش کوتاه

نویسنده

استادیار روان پزشکی کودک و نوجوان، ‏مرکز تحقیقات روان پزشکی و علوم ‏رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد

چکیده

مراقبه در فرهنگ غرب، نوعی تمرین برای تمرکز حواس با هدف رسیدن به آرامش یا پیشرفت معنوی و در اخلاق و عرفان اسلامی به معنای پاک‌سازی خود برای رسیدن به خدا است.
بر اساس پژوهش‌های صورت گرفته، مراقبه می‌تواند از نظر فیزیکی تغییراتی در ساختار مغز از جمله هیپوکامپ و بخش‌هایی از ساقه‌ی مغز ایجاد نماید که با در نظر گرفتن عملکرد این قسمت‌ها، عملکرد مثبت مراقبه در بهبود یادگیری، حافظه، کنترل هیجانی، ساخت نورون‌های جدید، اختلالات اضطرابی، اختلالات خلقی و خواب، محتمل است. بر اساس عوامل فرهنگی و مذهبی کشور ما، به‌کارگیری مراقبه می‌تواند در کاهش نشانه‌های بعضی اختلالات روان‌پزشکی و بهبود سلامت روانی افراد جامعه موثر واقع شود.

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