اثر بخشی آموزش مهارت های ارتباطی بر تحول بلوغ عاطفی دانشجویان دختر در آستانه ی ازدواج

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان-شناسی کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دکترای روان شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد شهرکرد، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان

3 دکترای روان شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

چکیده
مقدمه: شایع‌ترین مشکل مطرح توسط زوج‌های ناراضی، عدم موفقیت در برقراری ارتباط است. یکی از مهم‌ترین عوامل موفقیت در زندگی زناشویی، رشد و بلوغ عاطفی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی میزان اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی بر تحول بلوغ عاطفی دانشجویان دختر در آستانه‌ی ازدواج بوده است.
روش‌کار: پژوهش حاضر یک کارآزمایی بالینی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و
پس‌آزمون با گروه شاهد است. جامعه‌ی پژوهش شامل تمام دانشجویان دختر در آستانه‌ی ازدواج (نامزد و عقدکرده) دانشگاه‌های شهر ابرکوه در سال تحصیلی 90-1389 بودند. در این مطالعه روش نمونه‌گیری به شکل تصادفی بود. به این ترتیب که از میان دانشجویان 26-21 ساله در آستانه‌ی ازدواج، آزمون بلوغ عاطفی گرفته شد و سپس از میان کسانی که در این آزمون نمره‌ای بین 89-106 (نشان‌دهنده‌ی بی‌ثبات بودن از لحاظ عاطفی) کسب نمودند، به شکل تصادفی 30 نفر انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمون و شاهد به شکل تصادفی جایگزین شدند. سپس گروه آزمون در 10 جلسه‌ی90 دقیقه‌ای در برنامه‌ی آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی شرکت کردند. ابزار مورد استفاده، مقیاس بلوغ عاطفی (EMS) بود. پس از اجرای آموزش از گروه‌های شاهد و آزمون، پس‌آزمون به عمل آمد. داده‌ها توسط آماره‌های توصیفی و آزمون تی مستقل، تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد، آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی بر بلوغ عاطفی دانشجویان موثر بوده است (001/0=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به اهمیت مهارت‌های ارتباطی و بلوغ عاطفی در ازدواج جوانان، برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشی برای جوانان به منظور آگاهی بهتر نحوه‌ی ارتباط با دیگران به خصوص قبل از ازدواج، می‌تواند مفید باشد.

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